Railway Coaches

Nilgiri Coach (201)

This is a Meter Gauge composite First Class (8 passengers) and Third Class (44 passengers – including separate compartment for ladies) wooden coach used on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Southern India. Manufactured in 1919, by the Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Co., with frame supplied by Leeds Forge Co. Ltd. It belongs to only railway system in India using ABT (Alternate Biting Teeth) Rack and pinion system. In Rack and pinion system, the front wheel is fitted with a double pinion. The teeth of the pinion matches with the rack placed on the centre of the track to increase adhesion to tackle the steep gradients of this railway, said to be the steepest in Asia (1:12) . The bogies are provided with coil springs in the primary suspension and laminated bearing leaf springs in the secondary suspension. Canvas curtains were provided for protection of the passengers against the elements. Its cost of import was `7,742.