The history of rail transport in India began in the mid-nineteenth century. Railways was first introduced in India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. Railways initially developed in small pockets across the country. It took almost one century for the Rail systems to be nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the gauge network of broad, meter and narrow gauges.
It also owns locomotives and coach production facilities at several places in India and has become the lifeline of the country by not only transporting people and goods, but also providing employment to over 1.4 million people. This section provides exhibits and archival data depicting the rich historical events that helped in shaping the Indian Railways.